ADYGEA * ALTAY * BASHKORTOSTAN * BURYATIA CHECHENIA * CHUVASHIA * CRIMEA * DAGESTAN INGUSHETIA * KABARDINO-BALKARIA * KALMYKIA KARACHAY - CHERKESSIA * KARELIA * KHAKASSIA * KOMI MARI-EL * MORDOVIA * NORTH OSSETIA - ALANIA TATARSTAN * TUVA * UDMURTIA * YAKUTIA - SAKHA
Besides nine provinces (krai), 46 regions (oblast), one autonomous region and four autonomous districts (okrug) existing in framework of the Russian Federation, there are also 22 republics forming this federation. According to Article 65 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, all those administrative units possess the equal rights. Status of any subject can be changed only when both federal and local authorities will agree with this change, as stipulated in the Article 66.5 of the Russian constitution. It means that province or region can gain status of the republic and vice versa. Moreover, three cities of federal importance (Moscow, Sevastopol and St. Petersburg) enjoy the status of “federal subjects” of the Russian Federation but they do not have the same level of autonomy as the most of the other federal subjects. The symbols of the all remaining federal subjects of the Russian Federation but republics have been dealt in four parts of our series on “Regional Symbols of Russia”.
Part One was published in VEXILOKONTAKT 2004 summarizing all available data on the arms and flags of then six provinces, one autonomous region, ten autonomous districts and two federal cities enjoying status of the subjects of the Russian Federation in that time.
Part Two was published in VEXILOKONTAKT 2011 summarizing all available data on the arms and flags of 18 regions of Central Russia, Central Black Earth, and the Northern Caucasus.
Part Three was published in VEXILOKONTAKT 2013 summarizing all available data on the arms and flags of 17 regions of Siberia, the Ural Mountains and the Far East.
Part Four was published in VEXILOKONTAKT 2015 summarizing all available data on the arms and flags of remaining 14 Russian regions in North-West Russia and the Volga River basin. Moreover, data about symbols of the new federal city of Sevastopol and changes and supplements of the data given in the previous three parts were also included.
This Bonus is available free of charge for all those who bought at minimum three of all four parts of the series REGIONAL SYMBOLS OF RUSSIA published between 2004 and 2015; it provides all up-dated information on flags and arms of the republics of the Russian Federation as published in the journal VEXILOLOGIE.